Immunogenicity and safety of hepatitis E vaccine in healthy hepatitis B surface antigen positive adults

 Abstract

A recombinant hepatitis E vaccine, Hecolin®, has been proven safe and effective in healthy adults. As hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive individuals have a higher risk of poor prognosis after super-infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV), the safety and immunogenicity of Hecolin® in this population should be assessed. The present study is an extending analysis of data from a large randomized controlled clinical trial of Hecolin®. Healthy participants (n = 14,065) without current or previous evidence of chronic liver disease were randomized to receive Hecolin® or placebo (hepatitis B vaccine) and donated their blood samples before vaccination and subsequently over 31 mo. Most of the adverse events were mild and comparable between participants with and without baseline hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. Rates of serious adverse events in HBsAg (+) or HBsAg (-) participants were also comparable between both groups. Almost all participants in the Hecolin® group seroconverted to anti-HEV one month after full vaccination. The antibody response rates and levels were similar in HBsAg (+) and HBsAg (-) participants (98.38%, 19.32 Wu/mL vs. 98.69%, 19.00 Wu/mL). The two-year antibody dynamics of HBsAg (+) participants overlapped perfectly with those of HBsAg (-) participants. In conclusion, the safety and immunogenicity of Hecolin® for HBsAg (+) adults is very similar to that for the general population.

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Pages
2474 - 2479
doi
10.4161/hv.25814
Type
Research Paper
Group
Hepatitis
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Immunogenicity and safety of hepatitis E vaccine in healthy hepatitis B surface antigen positive adults