A safety study of inactivated Enterovirus 71 vaccine

 Abstract

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major causative agents for hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in childhood. Nowadays, HFMD or EV71 infections have already become an important public health issue throughout the world. Vaccination may be the most effective measure to control the transmission of the virus. Therefore, to pave EV71 vaccine into human clinical trial, in the present study a comprehensive preclinical safety assessment of inactivated EV71 vaccine including single- and repeat-dose toxicity studies were conducted in rats and cynomolgus monkeys. No abnormal findings were observed in rats following single intramuscular administration with EV71 vaccine (640 U). The results also showed no obvious systemic toxicities from four repetitive intramuscular injections, with a 14-d interval, of two dosages of EV71 vaccine in the two animal species. Antinuclear antibody response was not detected after the repeated administrations. Histopathological examination demonstrated the minimal to severe inflammatory changes in muscle tissues of the injection sites in EV71 vaccine-injected animals and most of findings have been improved over time. Furthermore, test article could induce highly EV71-specfic neutralizing antibody response in both animal species. Taken together, these data suggested a favorable safety profile for inactivated EV71 vaccine and supported this product to enter human phase I clinical trial.

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Pages
1430 - 1437
doi
10.4161/hv.24395
Type
Research Paper
Group
Novel vaccines
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A safety study of inactivated Enterovirus 71 vaccine