Comparison of complement dependent lytic, hemagglutination inhibition and microneutralization antibody responses in influenza vaccinated individuals

 Abstract

Virus specific, non-neutralizing antibodies such as complement dependent lytic (CDL) antibodies may reduce morbidity following infection through the clearance of infectious virus particles and infected cells. We examined hemagglutination inhibition (HAI), microneutralization (MN) and CDL antibody titers to influenza A H1 and H3 virus strains in 23 healthy young adults who received the 2005–2006 trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine. Post vaccination, we detected statistically significant increases in MN and CDL antibodies but not in HAI antibodies. Statistically significantly higher fold increases in CDL antibodies post vaccination were seen compared with MN and HAI antibodies post vaccination. However, the overall fold increases were modest, likely related to the fact that most of the subjects had received influenza vaccination previously. This study showed that influenza vaccination is not only capable of increasing the level of antibodies that neutralize virus but also antibodies that can cause lysis of infected cells. The biological significance of these CDL antibodies merits further investigation in clinical studies.

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Pages
1218 - 1222
doi
10.4161/hv.21025
Type
Short Report
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Comparison of complement dependent lytic, hemagglutination inhibition and microneutralization antibody responses in influenza vaccinated individuals