Immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of a human rotavirus vaccine (RIX4414) in Korean infants: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IV study

 Abstract

Rotavirus (RV) infection is the primary cause for childhood gastroenteritis worldwide. In Korea, RV infection is most common among children less than 5 y of age. This post-licensure study was conducted to further evaluate the RV vaccine (RIX4414) to provide additional local clinical data to the Korean Food and Drug Association. Healthy infants aged 6–12 weeks were enrolled to receive two doses of either RIX4414 or placebo as per 0, 1–2 mo schedule. Blood samples were collected before dose-1 and one month post-dose-2 of RIX4414/placebo to assess serum anti-RV IgA antibody concentrations using ELISA. Gastroenteritis stool samples were tested for the presence of RV using ELISA. RV positive samples were subjected to further analysis for G and P typing. Among 684 infants enrolled and vaccinated, 432 infants (RIX4414 = 318; placebo = 114) were included in the according-to-protocol cohort for immunogenicity. The anti-RV IgA antibody seroconversion rates in the RIX4414 group following one month post-dose-2 were 88.1% (95% CI: 84.0–91.4) and the corresponding geometric mean concentration in the RIX4414 group was 208.5 U/ml (95% CI: 174.2–249.5). Occurrence of solicited and unsolicited adverse events were similar in both, RIX4414 and placebo groups. None of the gastroenteritis stool samples tested positive for RV and no fatal SAEs were reported in either groups. The two-dose regimen of RIX4414 was observed to be immunogenic with a similar safety profile as compared with the placebo group, when administered to healthy Korean infants.

Full Text Options
Article
Metrics
 Share
 Info
Pages
806 - 812
doi
10.4161/hv.19853
Type
Research Paper
 Metrics
 Cite This Article
 Permissions
 Permissions
 Reprints
Immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of a human rotavirus vaccine (RIX4414) in Korean infants: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase IV study