Inhibition of PrPSc formation in scrapie infected N2a cells by 5,7,8-trimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine derivatives

 Abstract

Prion diseases are fatal, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the structural conversion of the normal, cellular prion protein, PrPC into an abnormally structured, aggregated and partially protease-resistant isoform, termed PrPSc. Although substantial research has been directed toward development of therapeutics targeting prions, there is still no curative treatment for the disease. Benzoxazines are bicyclic heterocyclic compounds possessing several pharmaceutically important properties, including neuroprotection and reactive oxygen species scavenging. In an effort to identify novel inhibitors of prion formation, several 5,7,8-trimethyl-1,4-benzoxazine derivatives were evaluated in vitro for their effectiveness on the expression levels of normal PrPC and its conversion to the abnormal isoforms of PrPSc in a scrapie-infected cell culture model. The most potent compound was 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5,7,8-trimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine, with a diminishing effect on the formation of PrPSc, thus establishing a class of compounds with a promising therapeutic use against prion diseases.

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Pages
470 - 476
doi
10.4161/pri.21913
Type
Research Paper
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Inhibition of PrPSc formation in scrapie infected N2a cells by 5,7,8-trimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine derivatives