The identification of candidate genes and SNP markers for classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy susceptibility

 Abstract

Classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy is a transmissible prion disease that is fatal to cattle and is a human health risk due to its association with a strain of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). Mutations to the coding region of the prion gene (PRNP) have been associated with susceptibility to transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in mammals including bovines and humans. Additional loci such as the retinoic acid receptor beta (RARB) and stathmin like 2 (STMN2) have also been associated with disease risk. The objective of this study was to refine previously identified regions associated with BSE susceptibility and to identify positional candidate genes and genetic variation that may be involved with the progression of classical BSE. The samples included 739 samples of either BSE infected animals (522 animals) or non-infected controls (207 animals). These were tested using a custom SNP array designed to narrow previously identified regions of importance in bovine genome. Thirty one single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified at p < 0.05 and a minor allele frequency greater than 5%. The chromosomal regions identified and the positional and functional candidate genes and regulatory elements identified within these regions warrant further research.

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Pages
461 - 469
doi
10.4161/pri.21866
Type
Research Paper
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The identification of candidate genes and SNP markers for classical bovine spongiform encephalopathy susceptibility