Immunocytochemical staining for islet amyloid polypeptide in pancreatic endocrine tumors


Aims/hypothesis: Islet amyloid polypeptide is originally identified as the chief constituent of amyloid in insulinomas and type 2 diabetic islets. This study aimed to identify islet amyloid polypeptide by immunocytochemical staining in pancreatic endocrine tumors including 30 cases of insulinomas and non-β-cell pancreatic endocrine tumors.

Results: In normal islets, 62% of islet cells and 52% of insulin cells were granularly positive for insulin and IAPP, respectively, with more insulin positive cells than IAPP positive cells and some densely positive staining for insulin and IAPP in irregularly shaped a nuclear, degenerating islet β-cells. In pancreatic endocrine tumors, all 10 insulinomas were positive for islet amyloid polypeptide but 2 glucogonomas, 1 somatostatinoma, 6 of 7 pancreatic polypeptidomas, all 7 gastrinomas and all 3 non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors were negative for islet amyloid polypeptide whereas one pancreatic polypeptidoma was positive for islet amyloid polypeptide.

Methods: Using commercially available rabbit anti-islet amyloid polypeptide antibody, immunocytochemical staining was performed on 30 cases of pancreatic endocrine tumors, consisting of 10 insulinomas, 2 glucagonomas, 1 somatostatinoma, 7 pancreatic polypeptidomas, 7 gastrinomas and 3 non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors. Pancreatic tissues containing pancreatic endocrine tumors were systematically immunostained for insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, pancreatic polypeptide, gastrin and chromogranin A, in addition to islet amyloid polypeptide. When normal pancreatic tissues adjacent to pancreatic endocrine tumors were present, insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and islet amyloid polypeptide positive cells were counted for a total of 20 islets, which were divided into large islets and medium islets for each case.

Conclusions/Interpretations: All 10 insulinomas and 1 pancreatic polypeptidoma were granularly positive for islet amyloid polypeptide, suggesting all 10 insulinomas contained enough insulin granules for IAPP whereas only one non-β-cell pancreatic endocrine tumor was co-localized with islet amyloid polypeptide in their secretary granules.

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Immunocytochemical staining for islet amyloid polypeptide in pancreatic endocrine tumors