AEB071 (sotrastaurin) does not exhibit toxic effects on human islets in vitro nor after transplantation into immunodeficient mice

 Abstract

AEB071 (AEB, sotrastaurin), a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, reduces T-lymphocyte activation and cytokine release. AEB delays islet allograft rejection in rats, and prevents rejection when combined with cyclosporine. Since many immunosuppressive agents have toxic effects on the function of transplanted islets, we investigated whether this was also the case with AEB. Human islets were transplanted into Rag-knockout mice randomly assigned to vehicle control, AEB, or sirolimus treatment groups. Non-fasting blood glucose levels, body weight, and glucose tolerance was measured in recipients. In a separate experiment, human islets were cultured in the presence of AEB and assayed for glucose dependent insulin secretion and level of β-cell apoptosis. Eighty-six percent of the AEB-treated recipients achieved normoglycemia following transplant (compared with none in sirolimus-treated group, p < 0.05). AEB-treated recipients exhibited similar glucose homeostasis as vehicle-treated controls, which was better than in sirolimus-treated recipients. Human islets cultured with AEB showed similar rates of β-cell apoptosis (p = 0.98 by one-way ANOVA) and glucose stimulated insulin secretion (p = 0.15) as those cultured with vehicle. These results suggest that AEB is not associated with toxic effects on islet engraftment or function. AEB appears to be an appropriate immunosuppressive candidate for clinical trials in islet transplantation.

Full Text Options
Article
Metrics
 Share
 Info
Pages
338 - 343
doi
10.4161/isl.3.6.17766
Type
Research Paper
 Metrics
 Cite This Article
 Permissions
 Permissions
 Reprints
AEB071 (sotrastaurin) does not exhibit toxic effects on human islets in vitro nor after transplantation into immunodeficient mice