HAT cofactor TRRAP mediates β-Catenin ubiquitination on the chromatin and the regulation of the canonical Wnt pathway

 Abstract

The Wnt pathway is a key regulator of embryonic development and stem cell self-renewal, and hyperactivation of the Wnt signalling is associated with many human cancers. The central player in the Wnt pathway is β-Catenin, a cytoplasmic protein whose function is under tight control by ubiquitination and degradation, however the precise regulation of β-Catenin stability/degradation remains elusive. Here, we report a new mechanism of β-Catenin ubiquitination acting in the context of chromatin. This mechanism is mediated by the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex component TRRAP and Skp1, an invariable component of the Skp-Cullin-F-box (SCF) ubiquitin ligase complex. TRRAP interacts with Skp1/SCF and mediates its recruitment to β-Catenin target promoter in chromatin. TRRAP deletion leads to a reduced level of β-Catenin ubiquitination, lower degradation rate and accumulation of β-Catenin protein. Furthermore, recruitment of Skp1 to chromatin and ubiquitination of chromatin-bound β-Catenin is abolished upon TRRAP knock-down, leading to an abnormal retention of β-Catenin at chromatin and concomitant hyperactivation of the canonical Wnt pathway. These results demonstrate that there is a distinct regulatory mechanism for β-Catenin ubiquitination/destruction acting in the nucleus which functionally complements cytoplasmic destruction of β-Catenin and prevents oncogenic stabilization of β-Catenin and chronic activation of the canonical Wnt pathway.

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Pages
3908 - 3914
doi
10.4161/cc.7.24.7354
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Report
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HAT cofactor TRRAP mediates β-Catenin ubiquitination on the chromatin and the regulation of the canonical Wnt pathway