The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase EDD Regulates S-Phase and G2/M DNA Damage Checkpoints

 Abstract

The cellular response to DNA damage is critical for maintenance of genomic integrity and inhibition of tumorigenesis. Mutations or aberrant expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligase EDD have been observed in a number of carcinomas and we recently reported that EDD modulates activity of the DNA damage checkpoint kinase, CHK2. Here, we demonstrate that EDD is necessary for G1/S and intra S phase DNA damage checkpoint activation and for the maintenance of G2/M arrest after double strand DNA breaks. Defective checkpoint activation in EDD-depleted cells led to radio-resistant DNA synthesis, premature entry into mitosis, accumulation of polyploid cells, and cell death via mitotic catastrophe. In addition to decreased CHK2 activation in EDD-depleted cells, the expression of several key cell cycle mediators including Cdc25A/C and E2F1 was altered, suggesting that these checkpoint defects may be both CHK2-dependent and -independent. These data support a role for EDD in the maintenance of genomic stability, emphasising the potential importance of dysregulated EDD expression and/or function in the evolution of cancer.

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Pages
3070 - 3077
doi
10.4161/cc.6.24.5021
Type
Report
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The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase EDD Regulates S-Phase and G2/M DNA Damage Checkpoints