Cell Cycle Regulation Targets of MYCN Identified by Gene Expression Microarrays

 Abstract

Background: We have previously shown that MYCN knockdown causes a G1 arrest in MYCN amplified (MNA), p53 wild type (wt) and p53 mutant MNA neuroblastoma cell lines, with increases in p21WAF1 and hypo RB in p53 wt cell lines. 1 Hypothesis: MYCN acts by inhibiting p21WAF1, and also by p21 independent mechanisms to override the G1 checkpoint in exponentially growing cells. Methods: Genes potentially regulated by MYCN were identified using gene expression microarrays in p53 wt MNA IMR-32 and p53 mutant MNA SKNBE(2c) neuroblastoma cell lines treated with MYCN or scrambled siRNA. Results were validated using qRT-PCR and confirmed using the regulatable MYCN expression system (SHEP Tet21N). Results: MYCN knockdown altered the expression of several cell cycle related genes. SKP2 was down regulated in both cell lines, and up regulated in MYCN+ Tet21N cells. Expression of the WNT antagonist DKK3 increased in both cell lines and decreased in MYCN+ Tet21N cells. Expression of CDKN1C (p57cip2) and TP53INP1 also increased after MYCN knockdown. Conclusions: MYCN may override the G1 checkpoint through down-regulation of SKP2 and TP53INP1 resulting in reduced p21WAF1 expression in p53 wt cell lines, and in addition may act through the WNT signalling pathway in a p53 independent manner.

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1249 - 1256
doi
10.4161/cc.6.10.4222
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Report
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Cell Cycle Regulation Targets of MYCN Identified by Gene Expression Microarrays