M-phase MELK activity is regulated by MPF and MAPK

 Abstract

Caroline Badouel, Roman Körner, Marie Frank-Vaillant, Anne Couturier, Erich A. Nigg and Jean-Pierre TassanThe protein kinase MELK is implicated in the control of cell proliferation, cell cycle and mRNA splicing. We previously showed that MELK activity is correlated with its phosphorylation level, is cell cycle dependent, and maximal during mitosis. Here we report on the identification of T414, T449, T451, T481 and S498 as residues phosphorylated in Xenopus MELK (xMELK) in M-phase egg extract. Phosphorylations of T449, T451, T481 are specifically detected during mitosis. Results obtained in vivo showed that MPF and MAPK pathways are involved in xMELK phosphorylation. In vitro, MPF and MAPK directly phosphorylate xMELK and MPF phosphorylates xMELK on T481. In addition, phosphorylation by MPF and MAPK enhances MELK activity in vitro. Taken together our results indicate that MELK phosphorylation by MPF and MAPK enhance its activity during M-phase.

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Pages
883 - 889
doi
10.4161/cc.5.8.2683
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Report
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M-phase MELK activity is regulated by MPF and MAPK