TD-60 is required for interphase cell cycle progression


We previously identified TD-60 (RCC2) as a mitotic centromere-associated protein that is necessary for proper completion of mitosis. We now report that TD-60 is an essential regulator of cell cycle progression during interphase. siRNA suppression blocks progression of mammalian G₁/S phase cells and progression of G₂ cells into mitosis. Prolonged arrest occurs both in non-transformed cells and in transformed cells lacking functional p53. TD-60 associates with Rac1 and Arf6 and has recently been demonstrated to be an element of α5β1 integrin and cortactin interactomes. These associations with known elements of cell cycle control, together with our data, suggest that TD-60 is an essential component of one or more signaling pathways that drive cell cycle progression. During mitosis, TD-60 is required for correct assembly of the mitotic spindle and activation of key mitotic proteins. In contrast, in interphase TD-60 promotes cell cycle progression through what must be distinct mechanisms. TD-60 thus appears to be one of the growing categories of proteins that “moonlight,” or have more than one distinct cellular function.

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TD-60 is required for interphase cell cycle progression