Ectopic expression of human Cdk2 and its yeast homolog, Ime2, is deleterious to Saccharomyces cerevisiae

 Abstract

Entry into and precise progression through the cell cycle depends on the sequential expression and activation of cyclin dependent kinases (CDK). In accord, CDK dysregulation is a hallmark of many cancers. The function of Cdk2 is still an enigma as in vitro studies revealed that it is required for S phase-entry, whereas in vivo studies showed that Cdk2 is not an essential gene. Moreover, unlike other Cdks, or its cyclin E regulator, Cdk2-overexpressing tumors were reported only in one type of tumor. In this report we used budding yeast as a tool to explore Cdk2 function. We showed that hCdk2 promoted S phase in cells carrying a temperature-sensitive mutation in yCDK1, albeit, only when expressed at low or moderate levels. Overexpression of hCdk2 resulted in a defect in the G1 to S transition and a reduction in viability. The same phenotypes were observed in cells overexpressing its yeast functional homolog, Ime2, which is a meiosis-specific CDK-like kinase. A genetic interaction with the DNA damage checkpoint was demonstrated by showing an increased toxicity of hCdk2 and Ime2 in RAD53-deleted cells, and delayed Rad53 activation in response to MMS treatment in cells overexpressing hCdk2 or Ime2.

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Pages
4711 - 4719
doi
10.4161/cc.9.23.14088
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Report
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Ectopic expression of human Cdk2 and its yeast homolog, Ime2, is deleterious to Saccharomyces cerevisiae