BRCA1 Transcriptionally Regulates Damaged DNA Binding Protein (DDB2) In the DNA Repair Response Following UV-Irradiation

 Abstract

The p53 and BRCA1 tumor suppressors are involved in repair processes and may cooperate to transactivate certain genes, including p21WAF1/CIP1 and GADD45. We find that the Xeroderma Pigmentosum Complementation group E (XPE) mutated Damaged-DNA binding protein p48 (DDB2) is upregulated by BRCA1 in a p53-dependent manner following UVC, Adriamycin, or Cisplatin exposure. BRCA1 enhances p53 binding to the DDB2 promoter in vivo as well as p53-dependent transactivation of DDB2 promoter-reporter constructs through a classical p53 DNA responsive element. Antisense abrogation of BRCA1 expression abrogates upregulation of DDB2 after UVC or cisplatin exposure. Using a host cell reactivation assay, DNA repair activity is more significantly restored by introduction of BRCA1 into wt as compared to DDB2-deficient cells. Furthermore disappearance of the photoproducts cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) and 6-4 photoproduct (6-4PP) was delayed by antisense abrogation of BRCA1 expression in UV-exposed human cells. Thus the DNA repair function of BRCA1 may be attributed in part to p53-dependent transcriptional induction of DDB2. Loss of BRCA1-dependent DDB2 repair function may contribute to cancer susceptibility and cellular sensitivity to DNA damage.

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177 - 186
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BRCA1 Transcriptionally Regulates Damaged DNA Binding Protein (DDB2) In the DNA Repair Response Following UV-Irradiation