Maturation and upregulation of functions of murine dendritic cells (DCs) under the influence of purified Aromatic-Turmerone (AR)
Volume 8, Issue 10
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Pages 1416 - 1424http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/hv.21526
: AR, BMDCs, maturation, modulation
Authors: Tan Yonggang, Meng Yiming, Zhang Heying, Sun Cheng, Wang Qiushi, Yang Xianghong, Zheng Wei, Zhou Huawei and Fengping Shan View affiliations
The aim of this work is to evaluate the effects of purified aromatic-turmerone(ar-turmerione, AR) on murine dendritic cells (DCs). These impacts of AR on DCs from bone marrow derived DCs(BMDCs) were assessed with use of conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cytochemistry assay, FITC-dextran, bio-assay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that AR induced phenotypic maturation as evidenced by increased expression of CD86, CD40, CD83, CD80 and major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II). The functional tests showed the activity of acidic phosphatase (ACP) inside the DCs were downregulated after treatment with AR (which occurs when phagocytosis of DCs were decreased). Finally, we proved that AR increased the production of IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). These data suggested that AR could promote phenotypic and functional maturation of DCs and this adjuvant-like activity may have potential therapeutic value. It is therefore concluded that AR could exert positive modulation on murine DCs.
Received: May 29, 2012; Accepted: July 18, 2012; Published Online: October 1, 2012
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