Letter to the Editor
Ac/Ds-induced chromosomal rearrangements in rice genomes
Volume 2, Issue 2
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Pages 67 - 71http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/mge.20264
element, SLCT, chromosomal rearrangements, regeneration, rice, transposition
Authors: Yuan Hu Xuan, Jianbo Zhang, Thomas Peterson and Chang-deok Han View affiliations
A closely-linked pair of Ac/Ds elements induces chromosomal rearrangements in Arabidopsis and maize. This report summarizes the Ac/Ds systems that generate an exceptionally high frequency of chromosomal rearrangements in rice genomes. From a line containing a single Ds element inserted at the OsRLG5 locus, plants containing a closely-linked pair of inversely-oriented Ds elements were obtained at 1% frequency among the population regenerated from tissue culture. Subsequent regeneration of the lines containing cis-paired Ds elements via tissue culture led to a high frequency (35.6%) of plants containing chromosomal rearrangements at the OsRLG5 locus. Thirty-four rearrangement events were characterized, revealing diverse chromosomal aberrations including deletions, inversions and duplications. Many rearrangements could be explained by sister chromatid transposition (SCT) and homologous recombination (HR), events previously demonstrated in Arabidopsis and maize. In addition, novel events were detected and presumably generated via a new alternative transposition mechanism. This mechanism, termed single chromatid transposition (SLCT), resulted in juxtaposed inversions and deletions on the same chromosome. This study demonstrated that the Ac/Ds system coupled with tissue culture-mediated plant regeneration could induce higher frequencies and a greater diversity of chromosomal rearrangements than previously reported.
Understanding transposon-induced chromosomal rearrangements can provide new insights into the relationship between transposable elements and genome evolution, as well as a means to perform chromosomal engineering for crop improvement. Rice is a staple cereal crop worldwide. Complete genome sequencing and rich genetic resources are great advantages for the study of the genomic complexity induced by transposable elements.1–2 The combination of tissue culture with genetic lines carrying a pair of closely located Ac/Ds elements greatly increases the frequency and diversity of rearrangements in rice genomes. The methodology and its efficiency and significance are briefly summarized.
Received: January 2, 2012; Accepted: April 4, 2012