Is Lipotoxicity presents in the early stages of an experimental model of autoimmune diabetes? Further studies in the multiple low dose of streptozotocin model
Volume 2, Issue 3
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Pages 190 - 199http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/isl.2.3.11655
Authors: Liliana Karabatas, Maria Eugenia Oliva, Eduardo Dascal, Gustavo J. Hein, Claudia Pastorale, Adriana Chicco, Yolanda B. Lombardo and Juan C. Basabe View affiliations
An increased availability of plasma free fatty acids (FFA) seems to play a role in the early stages of experimental type 1 diabetes mellitus induced in C57BL/6J mice by multiple low doses of streptozotoxin (mld-STZ). We analyzed the temporal changes of: (1) plasma and skeletal muscle lipids and their relationship with glucose metabolism; (2) triglyceride (Tg) concentration in isolated islets; (3) intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test; and (4) insulin secretion patterns when the three mutually interactive glucose signaling pathways were activated. Animals were killed by cervical dislocation at days 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 12 post first injection of mld-STZ. Compared with control mice, we observed: (1) at day 6, a significant increase of plasma FFA and both muscle and islet Tg content and a significant decrease of muscle pyruvate dehydrogenase activity. These parameters further deteriorated with time. (2) plasma Tg, glucose and insulin levels and glucose tolerance test were significantly different only after day 8. (3) an increase in both phases of the glucose plus palmitate-stimulated insulin secretion was observed at day 4. This effect progressively decreased since day 7 up to day 9. Moreover, an inhibitory action of cerulenin over glucose plus palmitate-stimulated insulin secretion was observed between days 6 and 9. Taken together these results suggest that early alteration in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism could represent a “metabolic window” which would develop between days 6 and 8. Afterwards, subsequent immunological alterations, apoptosis and necrosis induced the destruction of β cells and would mask the results mentioned above.
Received: December 2, 2009; Accepted: February 25, 2010