Telomerase as a Growth-Promoting Factor
Volume 2, Issue 6
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Pages 534 - 537http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.2.6.515
Authors: Vera Gorbunova and Andrei Seluanov View affiliations
Beyond its role in telomere maintenance, telomerase provides additional functions in tumorogenesis, DNA repair, and cell survival. Telomerase protects cells from apoptosis and necrosis, and stimulates growth in adverse conditions. Furthermore, gross overexpression of the catalytic subunit of telomerase (hTERT) may act as a hyperproliferative signal to induce a senescence-like phenotype in normal fibroblasts, which is similar to the senescence induced by overexpression of oncogenes. As some of these functions can be dissociated from telomere lengthening, the question arises as to how the mere presence of telomerase can serve as a survival and growth-promoting factor.