Effect of circadian clock mutations on DNA damage response in mammalian cells
Volume 11, Issue 18
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September 15, 2012
Pages 3481 - 3491http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.21771
: BMal1, Clock, Cryptochrome, DNA repair, Period, apoptosis, checkpoint
Authors: Shobhan Gaddameedhi, Joyce T. Reardon, Rui Ye, Nuri Ozturk and Aziz Sancar View affiliations
The circadian clock is a global regulatory mechanism that confers daily rhythmicity on many biochemical and physiological functions, including DNA excision repair in mammalian organisms. Here, we investigated the effect of the circadian clock on the major DNA damage response pathways by using mouse cell lines mutated in genes encoding proteins in the positive (Bmal1, CLOCK) or negative (Cry 1/2, Per 1/2) arms of the transcription-translation feedback loop that generates the circadian clock. We find that cells mutated in these genes are indistinguishable from wild-type in their response to UV, ionizing radiation and mitomycin C. We conclude that either the majority of DNA damage response reactions are not controlled by the circadian clock or that, even if such a control exists at the organism level, it is supplanted by homeostatic control mechanisms at the cellular level in tissue culture. We suggest that caution must be exercised in extrapolating from experiments in tissue culture to whole animals with respect to the effect of the circadian clock on cellular response to DNA damaging agents.
Received: July 30, 2012; Accepted: August 8, 2012; Published Online: August 23, 2012
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