Dysregulated microRNAs in the pathogenesis and progression of cervical neoplasm
Volume 11, Issue 15
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August 1, 2012
Pages 2876 - 2884http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.21278
: carcinogenesis, cervical cancer, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, microRNA, signature
Authors: Tak-hong Cheung, Kwun-nok Mimi Man, Mei-yung Yu, So-fan Yim, Nelson S.S. Siu, Keith W.K. Lo, Graeme Doran, Raymond R.Y. Wong, Vivian W. Wang, David I. Smith, Michael J. Worley, Jr., Ross S. Berkowitz, Tony K.H. Chung and Yick-fu Wong View affiliations
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in a variety of physiological as well as pathophysiological processes, including carcinogenesis. The aim of this study is to identify a distinct miRNA expression signature for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and to unveil individual miRNAs that may be involved in the development of cervical carcinoma. Expression profiling using quantitative real-time RT-PCR of 202 miRNAs was performed on micro-dissected high-grade CIN (CIN 2/3) tissues and compared to normal cervical epithelium. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of the miRNA expression pattern displayed a distinct separation between the CIN and normal cervical epithelium samples. Supervised analysis identified 12 highly differentially regulated miRNAs, including miR-518a, miR-34b, miR-34c, miR-20b, miR-338, miR-9, miR-512-5p, miR-424, miR-345, miR-10a, miR-193b and miR-203, which distinguished the high-grade CIN specimens from normal cervical epithelium. This miRNA signature was further validated by an independent set of high-grade CIN cases. The same characteristic signature can also be used to distinguish cervical squamous cell carcinoma from normal controls. Target prediction analysis revealed that these dysregulated miRNAs mainly control apoptosis signaling pathways and cell cycle regulation. These findings contribute to understanding the role of microRNAs in the pathogenesis and progression of cervical neoplasm at the molecular level.
Received: April 19, 2012; Accepted: June 26, 2012
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