The Oncoprotein Gankyrin Negatively Regulates Both p53 and RB by Enhancing Proteasomal Degradation
Volume 4, Issue 10
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Pages 1335 - 1337http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.4.10.2107
Authors: Hiroaki Higashitsuji, Yu Liu, R. John Mayer and Jun Fujita View affiliations
Ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis mediates selective destruction of various cell cycle regulators, transcription factors and tumor suppressors. Gankyrin, a seven ankyrin-repeat protein, was originally identified as an oncoprotein commonly overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinomas and independently as a protein associated with the 19S regulatory complex of the 26S proteasome. Gankyrin also binds to CDK4 and the tumor suppressor RB, and accelerates phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation of RB. Recently, we have shown that gankyrin has an anti-apoptotic activity in cells exposed to DNA-damaging agents. Gankyrin binds to MDM2, a major E3 ubiquitin ligase for p53, and increases ubiquitylation and degradation of p53. Gankyrin increases activities of CDK4 and MDM2, and facilitates targeting of polyubiquitylated proteins to the 26S proteasome. Furthermore, inhibition of gankyrin induces apoptosis in cancer cells. Therefore, gankyrin is a promising target for potential anticancer therapeutic agents.