Integrating role of T antigen, Rb2/p130, CTCF and BORIS in mediating non-canonical endoplasmic reticulum-dependent death pathways triggered by chronic ER stress in mouse medulloblastoma
Volume 11, Issue 9
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May 1, 2012
Pages 1841 - 1850http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.20242
Authors: Marcella Macaluso, Valentina Caracciolo, Valeria Rizzo, Ang Sun, Micaela Montanari, Giuseppe Russo, Gianfranco Bellipanni, Kamel Khalili and Antonio Giordano View affiliations
Distinct molecular pathways could be constitutively active in mouse T-Antigen positive and T-Antigen negative medulloblastoma cell lines, contributing to their phenotypic differences as well as to cellular responses, cell cycle progression, cell death and survival. The diversity of these responses may be due, at least in part, to distinct activities of Rb2/p130, CTCF and BORIS proteins in response to an altered network of signaling evoked by the T-Ag presence. Here, we provided evidence supporting a role for the T-Antigen in causing chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and aberrant Caspase-12 expression and activation, subsequently driving to both massive cell death, and perhaps selection of cells with a higher malignant phenotype. Furthermore, we observed that the endoplasmic stress, either chronically caused by T-Ag or transiently induced by glucose deprivation, is accompanied by the formation of complexes between the retinoblastoma related protein Rb2/p130 and the chromatin insulator CCCTC-binding factor CTCF, or the CTCF-paralogue BORIS. Our study represents the first evidence supporting a role of the T-Antigen in inducing/maintaining chronic ER-stress, as well as, indicating a role of Rb2/p130, CTCF and BORIS as potential mediators of non-canonical ER-dependent death pathway in mouse medulloblastoma.
Received: March 16, 2012; Accepted: April 2, 2012