EDD induces cell cycle arrest by increasing p53 levels
Volume 11, Issue 4
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February 15, 2012
Pages 715 - 720http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.11.4.19154
Authors: Veronique A.J. Smits View affiliations
Tight regulation of p53 is essential for its central role in maintaining genome stability and tumor prevention. Here, EDD/ UBR5/hHyd, hereafter called EDD, is identified as a novel regulator of p53. Downregulation of EDD results in elevated p53 protein levels both in transformed and untransformed cells. Concomitant with a rise in p53, the levels of p21, a critical p53 target, are also elevated in these conditions. Surprisingly, EDD knockdown does not affect p53 protein stability, and p53 mRNA levels do not increase significantly upon EDD depletion. Consistent with the function of p53, EDD downregulation triggers a senescent phenotype in fibroblasts at later time points. In addition, the increased p53 levels upon EDD depletion cause a G1 arrest, as co-depletion of EDD and p53 completely rescues this effect on cell cycle progression.
Received: November 11, 2011; Accepted: December 22, 2011