Outcome of the p53-mediated DNA damage response in neuroblastoma is determined by morphological subtype and MYCN expression
Volume 10, Issue 21
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November 1, 2011
Pages 3778 - 3787http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.10.21.17973
Authors: Jane Carr-Wilkinson, Rebecca Griffiths, Rebecca Elston, Laura D. Gamble, Bojidar Goranov, Christopher P.F. Redfern, John Lunec and Deborah A. Tweddle View affiliations
Background: MYCN oncogene amplification occurs in 20-25% of neuroblastoma and is associated with a poor prognosis. We previously reported that MYCN amplified (MNA) p53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell lines failed to G1 arrest in response to irradiation, but this could not be attributed to MYCN alone. Hypothesis: Genes co-amplified with MYCN and/or the predominant cell type, neuronal (N) or substrate adherent (S) phenotypes determine the downstream response to DNA damage in neuroblastoma cell lines. Methods: The MYCN amplicons of five MNA and two non-MNA cell line were mapped using 50K Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) arrays. One MNA (NBL-W) and one non-MNA neuroblastoma cell line (SKNSH) were sub-cloned into N and S-type cells and the p53 pathway investigated after irradiation induced DNA damage. To determine the role of p53 it was knocked down using siRNA. Results: No genes with a potential role in cell cycle regulation were consistently co-amplified in the MNA cell lines studied. High MYCN expressing NBLW-N cells failed to G1 arrest following irradiation and showed impaired induction of p21 and MDM2, whereas low MYCN expressing NBLW-S cells underwent a G1 arrest with induction of p21 and MDM2. Conversely N type cells underwent higher levels of apoptosis than S type cells. Following p53 knockdown in SHSY5Y N-type cells there was a decrease in apoptosis. Conclusions: The downstream response to DNA damage in p53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell lines is p53 dependent, and determined both by the morphological sub-type and MYCN expression.
Received: May 9, 2011; Accepted: September 6, 2011