Trypanosoma cruzi infection results in the reduced expression of caveolin-3 in the heart
Volume 9, Issue 8
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April 15, 2010
Pages 1639 - 1646http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.9.8.11509
Authors: Daniel Adesse, Michael P. Lisanti, David C. Spray, Fabiana S. Machado, Maria de Nazareth Meirelles, Herbert B. Tanowitz and Luciana Ribeiro Garzoni View affiliations
Caveolae are motile, membrane-bound compartments that contain a number of molecules that participate in cell signaling. Caveolins are protein markers of caveolae and function in a variety of biological processes. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3) is expressed in muscle cells and Cav-3 null mice display a cardiomyopathic phenotype. Ultrastructural cytochemistry, confocal microscopy and immunoblotting revealed a reduction in Cav-3 expression and an activation of ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) 48 hours after Trypanosoma cruzi infection of cultured cardiac myocytes. CD-1 mice infected with the Brazil strain of T. cruzi displayed reduced expression of Cav-3 and activation of ERK 66 days post infection (dpi). By 180 dpi there was a normalization of these values. These data suggest that the reduction in Cav-3 expression and the activation of ERK during the early phase of infection may contribute to the pathogenesis of chagasic cardiomyopathy.