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Myosins in cell junctions
Volume 2, Issue 5
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Pages 158 - 170http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/bioa.21791
: Myo10, Myo15a, Myo1e, Myo6, Myo7a, Myo9a, Myo9b, adherens junction, dachs, myosin, nonmuscle myosin, tight junction
Authors: Katy C. Liu and Richard E. Cheney View affiliations
The development of cell-cell junctions was a fundamental step in metazoan evolution, and human health depends on the formation and function of cell junctions. Although it has long been known that actin and conventional myosin have important roles in cell junctions, research has begun to reveal the specific functions of the different forms of conventional myosin. Exciting new data also reveals that a growing number of unconventional myosins have important roles in cell junctions. Experiments showing that cell junctions act as mechanosensors have also provided new impetus to understand the functions of myosins and the forces they exert. In this review we will summarize recent developments on the roles of myosins in cell junctions.
Received: July 11, 2012; Accepted: August 8, 2012; Published Online: September 1, 2012