Notch function in the hair follicle has been mainly studied by use of transgenic mice carrying either loss or gain of function mutations in various members of the pathway. These studies revealed that whereas embryonic development of the hair follicle can be achieved without Notch, its postnatal development requires an intact Notch signaling in the hair bulb and the outer root sheath. Among the many roles played by Notch in the hair follicle, two can be highlighted: in the bulge, Notch controls a cell fate switch in hair follicle stem cells or their progenitors, preventing them from adopting an epidermal fate. In the hair bulb, Notch controls cell differentiation, ensuring the proper development of every layer of the hair shaft and inner root sheath. Notch function in the hair follicle is both cell autonomous and cell non autonomous and involves intercellular communication between adjacent layers.