Tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins are defined by their possession of a RING, B‑box and predicted coiled coil (RBCC) domain. The coiled‑coil region facilitates the oligomerisation of TRIMs and contributes to the formation of high molecular weight complexes that show interesting subcellular compartmentalisations and structures. TRIM protein compartments include both nuclear and cytoplasmic filaments and aggregates (bodies), as well as diffuse subcellular distributions. TRIM19, otherwise known as promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) protein forms nuclear aggregates termed PML nuclear bodies (PML NBs), at which a number of functionally diverse proteins transiently or covalently associate. PML NBs are therefore implicated in a wide variety of cellular functions such as transcriptional regulation, viral response, apoptosis and nuclear protein storage.