Earthworm Immunity

Chapter Details

Pub Date: 20 Dec 2010
Pages: 14
Chapter Category: Immunology
Taken from the Book: Invertebrate Immunity
Book Series: Special Books
Edited by: Kenneth Söderhäll

Download PDF

All chapters PDFs are available for free under an Open Access license.

Earthworm Immunity

Martin Bilej, Petra Procházková, Marcela Šilerová and Radka Josková

About this Chapter

Earthworms belonging to oligochaete annelids became a model for comparative immunologists in the early sixties with the publication of results from transplantation experiments that proved the existence of self/nonself recognition in earthworms. This initiated extensive studies on the earthworm immune mechanisms that evolved to prevent the invasion of pathogens. In the last four decades important cellular and humoral pathways were described and numerous biologically active compounds were characterized and often cloned.

More chapters from the book

This chapter provides a short review of the immune system of urochordates, the closest living relative of vertebrates. Since adaptive immunity is a unique pr...

Despite the lack of adaptive immunity based on gene rearrangement such as that in higher vertebrates, flies are able to defend themselves from a wide array o...

Genetic studies have elegantly characterized the innate immune response in Drosophila melanogaster. However, these studies have a limited ability to reveal t...

Bivalves are comprised of animals unclosed in two shell valves, such as mussels, oysters, scallops and clams. There are about 7,500 bivalve species and some ...

This chapter provides a review of recent progress in the elucidation of innate immune mechanisms in crustaceans. Mainly due to the importance of crustacean a...

Lepidopteran insects provide important model systems for innate immunity of insects, particularly for cell biology of hemocytes and biochemical analyses of p...

Earthworms belonging to oligochaete annelids became a model for comparative immunologists in the early sixties with the publication of results from transplan...

Horseshoe crab hemocyte selectively responds to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which depends critically on the proteolytic activity of the LPS‑respon...

A survey for immune genes in the genome for the purple sea urchin has shown that the immune system is complex and sophisticated. By inference, immune respons...

Throughout their lifetime, mosquitoes are exposed to pathogens during feeding, through breaks in their cuticle and following pathogen‑driven cuticular degr...

The phylum Cnidaria is one of the earliest branches in the animal tree of life providing crucial insights into the early evolution of immunity. The diversity...

Ticks are blood feeding parasites transmitting a wide variety of pathogens to their vertebrate hosts. The vector competence of ticks is tightly linked with t...

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is proving to be a powerful invertebrate model to study host‑pathogen interactions. In common with other invertebrates,...

Over their 500 million year history, gastropods have radiated into marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments and adopted life styles ranging from herbi...

In the present chapter, we will emphasize the immune response in two compartments (Central nervous system and peripheral system) in two blood sucking leeches...