Cosmetic and Therapeutic Applications of Botulinum Toxin in the Head and Neck
Nwanmegha Young and Andrew Blitzer
Botulinum toxin is the most potent neurotoxin known to man. It is produced by the anaerobic bacteria Clostridium botulinum. In the early nineteenth century, it was responsible for large outbreaks of botulism , a systemic food poisoning. In the twentieth century, botulinum toxin has developed from man’s most powerful poison into a tool used to treat in a variety of disorders. In the early 21st century the understanding and clinical applications of botulinum toxin have exploded. It’s indications now span a wide range of medical and surgical specialties.